【禁聞】“倒三峽”熱潮高漲 聚焦問責

【新唐人2011年5月26日訊】最近,中共國務院通過了《三峽後續工作規劃》,公開承認三峽大壩有嚴重缺陷,從而引發“倒三峽”熱潮的掀起。在媒體和各界人士對三峽工程進行了口誅筆伐之後,現在的問題聚焦在,三峽決策的失敗,究竟應該誰來承擔責任?

在中共國務院承認三峽工程的“不利影響”之後,在網路媒體開始掀起“倒三峽”熱潮,各界人士痛訴三峽大壩的“禍害”、人定勝天的“虛妄”,對政府“強行上馬”的武斷表示痛心疾首。

艾南山教授( 四川大學環境科學與工程所長):“我也反對修三峽大壩。三峽反對的人還是很多,包括論證的專家的少部分,包括人大代表投票的時候,投反對票和棄權票都相當多,主要是那個工程還是有爭議的。”

《21世紀經濟報導》披露,在20年前,也就是1986年6月,由原水利電力部組織的,共412位專家參與的三峽工程論證,就有9位專家拒絕簽字。

那麼,修建三峽大壩,究竟造成多少麻煩,製造了多少可怕呢?

《美國之音》公布的資料顯示,儘管水庫的總方量、發電量居全球第一,但大壩工程淹沒了周邊13個城市,140個鄉鎮和1300多個村莊。被迫遷移的民眾人數達到400萬人。修建費用也是世界第一,專家透露,政府內部已經承認花費達6000億元。如果再加上後來不斷髮生的災害,實際花費超過一萬億元。

此外,大壩建成以後,重慶、四川、湖北和長江下游氣候異常,高溫、乾旱、洪災空前嚴重。如果大壩遭到恐怖襲擊,或者因為品質問題而導致潰堤,專家認為,破壞的嚴重程度遠不是美國9.11事件可以比的。

德國工程博士王維洛認為,目前最關鍵的是,誰要對這些問題負責任?

王維洛(德國工程博士):“在去年11月,中國工程院對三峽工程進行重新論證的時候,他說,時值改革開放的時候,就是說,他們可行性報告裡面出現的一些錯誤啊、估計不足啊,是“時值改革開放的時候”。你就把這個東西一推就推給歷史了,中國大陸所有的問題,沒有一個人負責。”

王維洛說,1975年河南板橋水庫潰壩,造成24萬人死亡,當局也是用 “時值十年動亂”這些言辭來推卸責任。

從三峽工程當時的審批程序來看,三峽工程的決策者是全國人民代表大會。但中共中央和國務院在1986年6月2號,下發的15號文《關於長江三峽工程論證工作有關問題的通知》,其實是中共在給全國人民代表大會佈置任務。王維洛在2007年發表的文章中已經這樣指出來了。

王維洛:“國務院自己提的報告,你國務院出來承擔責任啊,不管你是現任總理,還是前任總理,你現任總理從前任總理中接過來的時候,你就得負責任啊,對不對?”

王維洛認為,鄧小平為三峽工程開了綠燈,李鵬也有不可推卸的責任。江澤民在登上了中共中央總書記的寶座後,表現出對三峽工程的極大興趣,並用“黨的意志和紀律”來約束全國人大代表中的共產黨員為三峽工程投票,從而影響三峽工程的決策,這在中國工程決策史上是第一次。

新西蘭民運領袖陳維健則撰寫了《中共造三峽大壩罪在當代禍在千秋》一文。文章說,三峽大壩是中共專制政治的結果。三峽大壩炸不炸已並不重要,但造成三峽大壩的中共專制政治則必須炸掉。因為如果專制政治不炸掉,即使炸掉了三峽大壩,專制政治又會造出更多禍國殃民的大壩來。

新唐人記者梁欣、李靜、朱娣採訪報導。

Three Gorges Project Failure

The PRC State Council recently passed

』Three Gorges Follow-Up Plan,』 openly admitting

serious flaws in the Three Gorges Dam,

leading to movement 『Reversing the Three Gorges.』

Who will be responsible for the failure

of the Three Gorges Project』 decision?

After PRC State Council admitted adverse effects

of the Three Gorges Project, netizens started

the movement of 『Reversing the Three Gorges.』

Netizens claimed it was a “disaster” of the saying,

”man's determination can conquer nature.”

It was the arbitrary decision of the government.

Prof. Ai Nanshan, Director of Environmental Science

and Engineering, Sichuan University: "I also oppose

to build the Three Gorges Dam. Many people

opposed the disputable project, including experts.

Many voted against it, abstentions were quite a lot."

A 21st Century Economic Report revealed

that in June 1986, the former Ministry of Water

Resources Organization ordered 412 experts

to participate in the project. Nine refused to sign.

How much trouble has been caused

by the construction of the Three Gorges Dam?

Voice of America reported that although

the total reservoir volume and power output ranks first

in the world, the dam flooded 13 surrounding cities,

140 towns and 1,300 villages.

400 million people were forced to relocate.

Construction costs are No.1 in the world,

the government has been recognized to spend

RMB600 billion. If ongoing disasters are counted,

the actual cost is over RMB1 trillion.

After dams were completed, Chongqing, Sichuan,

Hubei and the lower reaches of Yangtze River

had climate anomalies. High temperature, drought,

and floods were serious and unprecedented.

Experts believe the severity of damages it caused

left America』s 9/11 far behind.

Dr. Wang Weiluo, a German engineer

said that the most critical question is

who is responsible for these problems?

Dr. Wang: "Chinese Academy of Engineering

reargued in November the Three Gorges Project,

claiming it was still at a reform and opening up.

That is, errors in the report and underestimation

were at a time of the reform and opening up,

pushing these things into the past. .

No one is ever responsible for problems in China."

Dr. Wang said that in 1975, Banqiao Reservoir Dam

in Henan was damaged, causing 24 million deaths.

Back then, Chinese authorities

also shirked their responsibility with 『10-year chaos.』

From the approval process, the decision-maker

was the National People's Congress (NPC).

On June 2, 1986, the Chinese Communist Party

(CCP) Central Committee and State Council

issued the 『Feasibility Studies of the Three Gorges

Project In Yangtze River.』 It was actually the CCP

sending orders to NPC. Dr. Wang pointed this out

in his articles published in 2007.

Dr. Wang: "The State Council put out its own report,

and now it should shoulder the responsibilities.

It doesn』t matter if it is the current Prime Minister,

or the former one, since the current Prime Minister

takes over projects from the former,

he should be responsible for it."

Dr. Wang said Deng Xiaoping approved the project.

Li Peng could not shirk his responsibility.

After Jiang Zemin ascended to the highest post,

a Secretary of the CCP Central Committee,

he showed great interest in the project,

and used the "party's will and discipline" to restrain

CCP members in NPC to vote for the project,

interfering with the decision of the project.

Chen Weijian, New Zealand's democracy leader

wrote "CCP building Three Gorges Dam:

A crime now and disasters for future generations."

The article states that the Three Gorges Dam

is the result of a communist autocracy.

Chinese communism must be destroyed,

as the autocracy would create more such disasters.

NTD reporters Liang Xin, Li Jing and Zhu Di

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