【禁聞】汪洋鬆綁新聞管制 背後勢力引揣測

【新唐人2011年10月20日訊】就在中共十七屆六中全會剛剛降下帷幕,廣東傳來暫停新聞管制禁令、鼓勵"輿論監督"的政令,這與中共一向嚴控新聞自由的態度似乎背道而馳。身為廣東省委書記的汪洋為甚麼敢於下這個新聞管制的鬆綁令?他的背後有甚麼後臺在支撐?引起多方的揣測。

《德國之聲》的消息說,上週,汪洋在一個內部會議上,“佈置” 廣東省的媒體開展“輿論監督報導”。 10月18號,有媒體人在微博透露了一個“內部消息”說,廣東省委宣傳部近期暫停任何禁止或限制性的宣傳指令。

這個看似鼓舞人心的消息卻讓廣東傳媒人士充滿疑慮,一位媒體人在微博上說,“本是好事卻引來懷疑,不信任瀰漫在每一個人心中”。

廣州媒體人孫曉素在微博上說,“這種事老是第一反應就是,到底想幹嘛?背後有何政治圖謀。”

廣州作家野渡向《新唐人》表示,從種種跡象看,這個傳言應該是真的,積極意義是有的,但還是有不能報導的內容。

廣州作家野渡:“包括那個執政地位、腐敗是那個極權引起的等等,這些也是下了一個明確的命令,也就是目前放開輿論也還是有著比較大的限制的。”

廣州中山大學傳媒學院研究調查新聞的副教授張志安在微博上說,乍一看,挺高興,仔細想,又鬱悶。

廣東媒體人野火表示,可以理解張志安的想法。

廣東媒體人野火:“汪洋很多次的講話,允許民主的聲音存在的講話是令人振奮的,但是實行起來呢,就並不是那麼理想,還是與他承諾的有距離,這個也可以理解,身在那種最高的利益集團,很難一下子一桿子插到底的,他周圍還有保守勢力的,他必須平衡。 ”

近來,隨著中共十八大的臨近,汪洋和重慶市委書記的明爭暗鬥也陷入白熱化狀態。從對所謂的“蛋糕論”南轅北轍的解讀,到“廣東模式”和“重慶模式”的比拚,汪洋的這次舉動,也被網友質疑為是政爭的權宜之計。

野火認為,汪洋下這個令不會是心血來潮,肯定是經過上層的默許。野火猜測,汪洋的底氣來自於以胡錦濤為主的中共高層勢力。

汪洋是安徽籍。胡錦濤、李克強、汪洋一直被認為是中共領導層內共青團派的核心──「安徽幫」。而李克強和汪洋都是胡錦濤屬意的「第五代領導人」。

《世界經濟導報》政治法律編輯張偉國認為,胡錦濤一直在刻意扶持汪洋。

《世界經濟導報》政治法律編輯張偉國:“汪洋在過去這些年廣東的政績並不理想,無論從輿論開放和經濟發展,還是從體制的轉型,比他的前面幾任廣東的第一把手,相對來講,都不見得有特別的政績。而胡溫,特別是胡錦濤,每一次的好處,幾乎都是向廣東傾斜。不管甚麼大事小事。”

今年8月,胡錦濤在出席了深圳大運會開幕式後,又到了廣州著名商業步行街北京路。胡錦濤的廣東行被認為是「挺汪」之舉,為他更上層樓造勢。而薄熙來所推崇的“重慶模式”被認為走文革路線,開歷史倒車,不僅被民間所詬病,據說不少中共高層也表示反感。

《世界經濟導報》政治法律編輯張偉國:“重慶固然有他們的做法,廣東向來是被寄予政治體制改革特區的期待,黨內外都有人要求。汪洋這一步如果走出去的話,就是名副其實的政治改革了。所以這一點,未來的一年,就是在十八大之前,大家是可以好好檢驗的。”

張偉國認為,即使廣東對新聞管制實行鬆綁的消息屬實,能不能被北京以及其他的省份所接受還是一個問號。而且,與剛剛結束的六中全會,用“文化改革”來加強控制的思路也是背道而馳的。他認為,汪洋冒的風險是很大的。一旦成功就是政治體制改革的一個突破。

不過,張偉國也指出,新聞自由的概念,大陸與海外的概念是完全不同。

張偉國:“他們的語境與我們的不是一樣的。在我們這個理解上,和他們這個理解上的新聞自由、新聞開放完全是兩個概念。也希望海外同仁要千萬當心的。”

張偉國表示,汪洋的做法還是需要觀察。因為報禁和黨禁是共產黨的禁區,也是中共最後的遮羞布。

新唐人記者 常春,李靜,孫寧 採訪報導

Guangdong Releases Press Embargo Arousing Doubts

Anchor:

The Sixth Plenary Session of Communist Party (CCP)

Congress has just wound down. News about Guangdong』s

official instruction, orders to suspend the press embargo

and encourage watchdog journalism.

This seemingly runs counter to the CCP』s usual practice of

controlling the media.

Why did Wang Yang, Guangdong CCP Secretary,

dare to issue such an instruction?

What background lies behind his actions?

This has aroused great speculation.

Reporter:

Voice of Germany reported that last week, Wang Yang

instructed Guangdong's media to report public opinions.

On 18th October, a media professional revealed "internal

information" on his microblog, saying that Propaganda

Department of Guangdong CCP Committee

recently suspended any instruction to ban or

restrict media reporting.

However, this seemingly encouraging news arouses

doubts of local media professionals. One of them wrote

in his microblog, "this was originally a good thing but has led

to suspicions. Mistrust permeates through everyone』s heart."

A Guangzhou media professional said on his microblog,

“The first reaction to such a thing is always like this:

what on earth is their purpose?

What is the political conspiracy behind this?”

Guangzhou-based writer, Ye Du, told NTD that,

all the indications show this rumor to be true.

It has a positive side, but there are still some contents

that cannot be reported.

Ye Du: " (The aspects cannot be touched) include CCP』s

ruling position, the root cause of corruption

is absolute among others. On these aspects,

the CCP have clear instructions. That is to say:

currently, the release of the press embargo

has relatively large restrictions.”

Zhang Zhi』an, an associate professor of journalism at

Sun Yat-sen Univ. in Guangzhou, wrote on his microblog

that at first sight, he felt happy, but after careful thinking,

he felt depressed again.

Guangzhou media professional, Ye Huo, expresses that

Zhang Zhi』an』s thought has been understood.

Ye Huo: " Wang Yang』s many speeches are inspiring,

for he allowed the existence of democratic voices.

But in reality, it is not ideal for implementing.

There still lies some distance to his commitment.

This is also understandable. He is among the members

of the top-level interests group. It is hard to have everything

completely resolved in one blow. There are conservative

forces around him, so he must keep the balance. "

Recently, as the 18th CCP Congress approaches, the power

struggle between Wang Yang and Bo Xilai, Chongqing

CCP Secretary, heated up. Back from Wang』s polar opposite

interpretation of Bo』s “cake” theory, to the competition

between "Guangdong Model" and "Chongqing Model".

This time, Wang Yang』s action was also questioned

by the public that this is his expedient method aiming to

gain political power.

Ye Huo analyzed that Wang Yang did not make the

order on a whim.

The action must have gained permission from the

CCP top-level. Ye Huo estimates that Wang Yang』s

confidence was supported by the CCP top-level

led by Hu Jintao.

Wang Yang comes from Anhui province. Hu Jintao,

Li Keqiang and Wang Yang are labeled Anhui Gangs,

the kernel of the Youth League faction in the CCP』s

top-level leadership.

Both Li Keqiang and Wang Yang are Hu Jintao』s preferred

candidates for CCP』s fifth generation of leaders.

Zhang Weiguo, political and legal editor of

World Economic Herald, comments that all along,

Hu Jintao has been intentionally supporting Wang Yang.

Zhang Weiguo: "Over the past few years, Wang Yang』s

official achievement is not ideal. In the field of public

opinion, opening-up or the economic development or

the economic system reform, Wang Yang has not

obtained more special achievements than previous

Guangdong CCP top leaders.

However, Hu and Wen, in particular Hu Jintao,

always support Guangdong with more benefits,

on every thing at every time. ”

This August, Hu Jintao attended the opening ceremony

of Shenzhen Universiade. Afterwards, he went to

Guangzhou visiting the local famous pedestrian street,

Beijing Road. Hu's trip to Guangdong was considered to

give support to Wang, a build-up for Wang』s stepping up

to a new height.

In contrast, the Chongqing Model promoted by Bo Xilai,

was criticized to take the Cultural Revolution route,

reversing history. Sources said that many CCP top-level

members expressed disgust with Bo』s action.

Zhang Weiguo: "Chongqing follows its own path.

But Guangdong has always been highly expected to be

a special area for the political system of reform.

The expectation comes from both inside and outside

the CCP. If Wang Yang』s move is implemented

this time, it would be real political reform. So this point,

next year, that is before the 18th CCP congress,

can be well tested by the public.”

Zhang Weiguo comments that even if the news of releasing

the press embargo is true, whether the practice can be

accepted by Beijing and other provinces is still questionable.

What』s more, this runs counter to the just-concluded CCP

Sixth Plenary Session, which proposed to strengthen

control with the "cultural reform".

Zhang Weiguo believes that Wang Yang is

taking quite a big risk. Once the action is successful,

it will be a breakthrough in political system reform.

Zhang Weiguo also points out that the concept of

freedom of media in mainland China,

is completely different from that of overseas community.

Zhang Weiguo: "Their context is not the same as ours.

Our understanding of the freedoms of media and

media openness, are totally different from their concepts.

So I hope that the overseas peers are careful on this."

Zhang Weiguo said that Wang Yang』s practice needs

more time to observe. Because the press ban and

ban on political parties are restricted areas of the CCP,

and also its “last fig leaf”.

NTD reporters Chang Chun, Li Jing and Sun Ning

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