【禁聞】大陸金融界易帥 危機難解

【新唐人2011年10月31日訊】被稱為中國大陸金融管理三駕馬車的銀監會、證監會和保監會,最近全部易帥。3位繼任者,將面臨巨額地方債務、信貸泡沫破裂、誠信缺失等一系列挑戰。普通民眾對這一任命罵聲不斷,評論人士則指出,大陸金融業是為中共服務的,更換主管並不能解決根本問題。

10月29號,大陸官方宣佈,中國證監會主席尚福林將轉任中國銀監會主席,建設銀行前董事長郭樹清接任中國證監會主席,農業銀行前負責人項俊波將擔任中國保監會主席。

長期以來,中國大陸股市,官商勾結、內幕交易等現象比比皆是。3位新任金融界主管都具有博士學位,可以歸為學者型的官員。媒體評論希望他們能給大陸金融業帶來轉機。

時政評論員陳志飛表示,大陸金融完全受控於政府。實際上,大陸金融的最高決策機構並不是銀監會、證監會、保監會,而是中共中央財經領導小組,小組的主要人物是中共的幾個常委,尚福林等3人並不是小組成員。中共是把金融作為「黨務」來管理的。

陳志飛:「這幾位表面的,證監會、銀監會、保監會的主要的官員,有甚麼樣炫目的學歷,實際上它對體制的運作起不到任何的作用。因為,最高的決策部門掌握在中共最高的黨務部門手裡,他們可以通過共產黨的需要來制定經濟政策。」

根據國家審計署公布的數據,截至去年(2010年)底地方政府債務高達10.7萬億人民幣。 《路透社》中文網指出,民間高利貸等地下金融系統帶來的風險也是新任主管必須面對的挑戰。而另一方面,央行最新數據顯示,截至9月末,大陸的外匯儲備已高達3.2萬億美元。

大陸企業觀察員何軍櫵認為,當局目前進行房地產調控,地方政府土地財政收入減少,於是地方政府發行債務,開拓財路。

何軍櫵:「我很擔心,地方政府有了這樣一個權力(發行債務)以後,究竟地方債務債券會發到甚麼樣的一個情況,將來怎麼樣去兌現,我實在是沒有多大的把握。但是另一方面,我們擁有如此強大的外匯儲備,卻把我們的這樣一個寶貴的資金,支援了美國、支援了歐洲的經濟建設,這個我實在是看不懂。」

另外,在美國上市的中資企業的會計醜聞,也是證監會必須要面對的難題。

在此之前,英國《金融時報》中文網報導,很多在海外上市的中國公司被指涉嫌欺詐、會計造假或其他方面的問題,過去一年,就有至少20家在美上市的中國公司股票,因審計師辭職或會計問題而被紐約證交所(NYSE)停牌或摘牌。

陳志飛:「這其中暴露的問題,表面上看一個技術問題,實際上還是一個道德問題,它是整個中共治下的一個普遍的制度問題。不管你是在哈佛拿到的甚麼學位,有多少令人炫目的頭銜,或有甚麼理論上的一些建樹,道德問題如果徹底崩潰的話,這些人的才智是毫無施展餘地的。」

中共媒體號稱新任銀監會主席尚福林,是頗具「中國特色和政治智慧的監管者」。而互聯網上,深受大陸股市之苦的普通民眾則把這句話解讀為:中國特色就是貪婪,政治智慧就是獨權。網民嘲諷說,尚福林在證監會期間為中國股市創造了世界第一——圈錢第一、跌幅第一。

新唐人記者易如、李謙、葛雷採訪報導。

New Financial Directors Will Not Stop the Crisis

The so-called China』s financial troika, China Bank Regulatory Commission (CBRC), China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC), and China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC), are changing their leaders.

All three successors will face a series of challenges,

such as huge local debt, credit bubble burst, and distrust.

Many Chinese criticize these changes of appointment.

Commentators do not believe such changes will solve

any fundamental issues since the Chinese finance industry is only at the service of the communist party.

Reporter:

On October 29th, China announced Shang Fulin, the chair of China Securities Commission, has been appointed the chair of China Bank Regulatory Commission (CBRC).

Former chairman of Construction Bank, Guo Shuqing, was appointed chairman of China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC), and former head of the Agricultural Bank, Xiang Junbo, will serve as Chairman of China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC).

Upon learning that the Governor of Calif. was coming to visit,

For a long time, collusion between officials and the businesses, and insider trading are widespread phenomena in China's stock market.

All three new finance directors have doctorate degrees, and are classified as the so-called scholar officials.

Media hope they will bring a turning point to the financial industry.

Chen Zhifei, a current affairs commentator, said that

China』s finance is entirely controlled by the government.

The final decision maker is not the CBRC, CSRC or CIRC,

but the Leading Group for Financial and Economic Affairs constituted by a few Party Committee members.

The three newly appointed financial directors are not members of the Leading Group.

The CCP is in fact managing the finance as the party』s business.

Chen Zhifei: "These CSRC, CBRC, CIRC key officials are only superficial.

They have somewhat dazzling degrees which,

in fact, will not have any effect on the institutional operation.

The highest party authority decides and

controls the economic policy based on the party』s need."

National Audit Office data showed, as of the end of last year

(2010), local governmental debt was as high as 10.7 trillion yuan.

The Chinese "Reuters" indicated that risk associated with an underground financial system such as civil usury is another challenge the new directors must face.

On the other hand, the latest central bank data showed that

as of the end of September, the mainland's foreign exchange

reserve was up to 3.2 trillion U.S. dollars.

He Junjiao, the mainland enterprises observer, believes that

the recent real estate regulations have decreased local

government land revenue, therefore local governments are

allowed to issue bonds to bring in revenue.

He Junjiao: "I am very much worried. With such power (to

issue bonds), regarding how local government is going to

develop and pay back, I really don』t have much confidence.”

On the other hand, we have such strong foreign exchange

reserves, these valuable funds are used to support the U.S. and

to support economic development in Europe; that I really don』t understand."

In addition, the CBRC will have to face the accounting scandals

of U.S. listed Chinese companies.

Previously, the British Financial Times-Chinese reported that

many of the overseas listed Chinese companies are accused of

fraud, accounting fraud or other problems.

Last year, there were at least 20 U.S. listed Chinese companies

that were either suspended or delisted by the New York Stock Exchange because of resignation of auditors or issues of accounting.

Chen Zhifei: "This exposes what appears to be a technical

problem on the surface, but in fact, it』s a moral issue, it』s a

common systematic problem under the rule of the communist party.

No matter if you have a Harvard degree, a number of

compelling titles, or some theoretical contribution,

with a total collapse of morale, there is no room for anyone

to display his intelligence."

Chinese media refer the new Banking Regulatory Commission Chairman Shang Fulin as a “supervisor of Chinese characteristics and political wisdom.”

On the Internet, people who suffer from the mainland stock market interpret the statement as, “The Chinese characteristics of greed,

the political wisdom of autocracy.”

Internet users mock that Shang Fulin has helped the Chinese stock market become the world』s first during his term in China

Securities Regulatory Commission;

First in misappropriating, and first in falling stock.

NTDTV reporters Yi Ru, Li Qian and Ge Lei

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