【禁聞】香港吹紅風 “國民教育”被斥洗腦

【新唐人2011年5月9日訊】中共當局近期為慶祝建黨90週年,在大陸大吹「紅風」,甚至將這股風吹到了香港。香港特區政府日前出臺德育及國民教育科諮詢文件,計劃在中小學推行所謂的“愛國教育”,引發各界爭議。香港議院和教育界等人士擔心,“愛國教育”會“變政治宣傳工具”。而香港人權監察總幹事羅沃啟則直接指出:這其實是“洗腦教育”。

港府宣稱,“愛國教育”的目地在於「增進國家認同與和諧」;而課程內容包括認識中共「國歌」、認識中共國家主席等領導人的工作、「了解政治組織如全國人民代表大會」、認識北京申辦奧運,以至世博會和國家體育代表團等。

而教育「國民身份認同」的內容,則包括「為同胞成就自豪」、「積極學習普通話」或在升中共「國旗」時自覺的肅立等。

香港人權監察總幹事羅沃啟看過課程內容後批評說,港府集中資源增設國民教育科,卻犧牲了人權教育,只會淪為「洗腦教育」,宣傳中共光明的正面形象,多過批判思考,只是“走過場”;至於官員貪污腐敗、打壓新聞自由等人權問題的探討,並不足夠。而課程當中的很多教材內容也並非歷史全貌。

港府宣稱「國民教育」科目絕非「洗腦」,就算敏感議題也可以提出討論。老師可以決定怎麼教授。但教育局德育及國民教育專責委員會,就諮詢文件舉辦簡介會時,卻多次迴避敏感的六四、艾未未及劉曉波等人權課題。

教育界議員張文光認爲,公民教育變成「國民教育」只是一字之差,但在社會激起千層浪,教育界有強烈聲音批評,現在的「國民教育」已經越來越像政治宣傳的工具,報喜不報憂。

公民教育聯席成員、「香港教育學院教育政策與領導學系」副教授梁恩榮指出,以「國民教育」代替公民教育,有幾個嚴重的問題,首先在名詞上已和國際社會脫軌,違反國際和國家教育趨勢,他說:“『國民教育』本身的概念是有很多不足之處,它不能令香港人衝出中國,看一個環球的視野,只能集中在一個國家中……。”

但梁恩榮認為觀念上的問題更為嚴重,「國民教育」和目前全球化的「多元公民」背道而馳,非常狹隘,有強烈的排外性。他認為,“有需要用人權教育、世界公民教育來平衡它。”他還說,“所以『國家認同』有潛在的危險性,如果沒事的時候就沒事,但是有事的時候,可以因此而造成很多民族殺戮,歷史上出現很多民族仇殺,都是這樣來的。”

有分析認為,港府這次大力推動國民教育,是受到北京當局的壓力。

《自由亞洲電臺》報導,因爲中共當局看到在香港「中聯辦」門外,經常有示威活動,而活動的次數頻繁,激烈程度甚至超過在特區政府總部示威的跡象,同時,互聯網上的討論區,也到處看見港人對中共的不滿和抨擊,所以北京當局才會要求香港特區政府採取措施,企圖扭轉局面。

新唐人記者王子琦、王明宇綜合報導。

Hong Kong』s 』Citizen Education』

In celebration of its 90th anniversary,

the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) intensifies

『red propaganda』 in China, including Hong Kong.

HK government began probing public view on a plan

to introduce patriotism lessons to schools.

Politicians and educators are worried

that “patriotic education” will become

political propaganda tool.

Law Yuk Kai, director of HK Human Rights Monitor

calls such patriotic education brainwashing.

HK government announced that “patriotic education”

aims at “building national harmony and identity,”

and includes learning the Chinese national anthem,

political system, and national sports teams.

The lessons also include “citizenship recognition”

that teaches children to “be proud as Chinese,”

“actively learn Mandarin,”

and “stand up during the flag ceremony.”

Law Yuk Kai, director of HK Human Rights Monitor

criticized the HK government

for introducing patriotic education

while sacrificing human rights education.

Such patriotic education is brainwashing

as it focuses on boosting CCP』s image

without much discussion on its corruption

and human rights issues.

Some teaching materials used in these lessons

are also historically unsound.

HK government refuted such accusations,

claiming that teachers will have freedom

in lesson planning and classroom discussions.

However, authorities avoid human rights issues,

such as the Tiananmen Massacre,

Ai Weiwei, and Liu Xiaobo,

when introducing the plan on patriotic education.

Cheung Man-kwong, HK education sector legislator,

warned that patriotic education

replacing citizenship education

brings potential for political brainwashing.

Prof. Leung Yan Wing at HK Institute of Education

says that replacing citizenship education

with patriotic education brings many problems.

First, the term is against the global trend.

“Patriotic education limits students within a country,

and does not give them a global perspective.”

According to Leung, a more serious problem lies

in the ideology: patriotic education does not fit

into the movement of globalization,

as it is very exclusive.

“Human rights education and global citizen education

need to be balanced,” Leung said.

“Nationalism brings the potential danger

of racial hatred and even genocide.

There are many such cases in history.”

Analysts believe the HK government is pressured

by Beijing to promote patriotic education.

According to RFA, the CCP is threatened

by the increasing number of protests

in front of its “Liaison Office” in HK,

as well as the online criticism by HK residents.

Implementing patriotic education is its way

to control the situation.

NTD reporters Wang Ziqi and Wang Mingyu

Facebook
馬上按讚 加入『新唐人亞太電視台粉絲團』